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  Bernese Mountain Dog 

Register your dogs online now !!!
Simply use the new UCA online applications HERE.

Registration: All Bernese Mountain Dogs are registrable with the United Canine Association and eligible to participate in all UCA sanctioned dog shows and events.

Click here to learn more about
Bernese Mountain Dog registration; how to register your Bernese Mountain Dogs or to dual register your Bernese Mountain Dog with the United Canine Association.

The United Canine Association recognized and began recording registration for the Bernese Mountain Dog in 2002.
                                        

  


Breed Characteristics:
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a striking, tri-colored, large dog who thrives in cold weather. 

This breed was originally a cattle dog of one of four distinct Swiss breeds descended from a cross between Roman mastiffs and the native dogs of the region. 

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, squarely built animal with dark brown eyes and triangular drop ears that are set high on the head.

 The Bernese Mountain Dog is sweet in nature, the Bernese Mountain Dogs are outgoing, affectionate canines who love children and are very loyal to their family, and usually to other pets as well.

                              
Country of Origin:  Switzerland

 

Original Purpose:
  In the past, it was a cattle-driver, watchdog, tracking dog, as well as guard dog.


Today's Uses: 
Guard dog, companion and cart dog.


Weight:
  Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally between 80 to 110 pounds.


Height:
 Male Bernese Mountain Dogs are to be: 25 to 28 inches at the shoulder.  While females are 23 to 26 inches at the shoulder.


Coat:
  The coat of the Bernese Mountain Dog is thick, fairly long, straight or slightly wavy but never curly, with a bright, natural sheen.  The breed's coat is naturally glossy.


Color:
 
The Bernese Mountain Dog is tri-colored.


Temperament:
  The Bernese Mountain Dog is self-confident, alert and good-natured, never sharp or shy.  The Bernese Mountain Dog should stand steady, though may remain aloof to the attentions of strangers.


With Children:
 
Bernese Mountain Dogs are good with children as long as the are properly socialized as all dogs should be.


With Pets:
  Some Bernese Mountain Dogs may be aggressive to other males.  The breed is generally good with other dogs, cats and other small pets.



Trainability:
 
The Bernese Mountain Dog is known to be a quick learner and responds well to positive training.


Activity Level:
 
The Bernese Mountain Dog is an active breed that enjoys lots of exercise.


Life Expectancy:
  The Bernese Mountain Dog lives an average life of 8 - 10 years.


 

Breed Standard: Bernese Mountain Dog

General Impression:  The Bernese Mountain Dog is large, brawny, balanced and nimble working dog.  The Bernese Mountain Dog is a bit longer than he is tall. 

A characteristic of the Bernese Mountain Dog is their ample and robust bone mass as well as the noticeable color of the breed. 

Male Bernese Mountain Dogs convey an impression of masculinity while females are noticeably more feminine in appearance.


Head: 
The head of the Bernese Mountain Dog short, powerful and massive.  The skull is near flat, the stop is well defined.  Fault:  Head too small or disproportionate to the body.


Muzzle:  The Bernese Mountain Dog's muzzle is strong and straight of medium length and tapers to a point.
 

Bite:  The bite of the Bernese Mountain Dog is to be a scissor bite or level. 
Fault: 
Undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault.  Wry jaw is a disqualifying fault.


Nose:  The nose of the Bernese Mountain Dog is always black.  Fault: A nose lacking pigment is a disqualifying fault.


Ears: 
The ears of the Bernese Mountain Dog set on high on the head, triangular in shape, drop flat against the head when at rest.  The ears of the Bernese Mountain Dog are brought forward slightly and raised at the base when alert.


Eyes: 
The eyes of the Bernese Mountain Dog are dark brown and almond-shaped.  The eyelids should be tight.


Neck: 
The
neck of the Bernese Mountain Dog is strong, well muscled and medium in length.


Shoulders: 
Strong and muscular with blades wide and sloping.


Body:  The body of the Bernese Mountain Dog is compact rather than long.  Broad chest, with good depth of brisket, reaching at least to the elbow. Well-ribbed; strong loins. Back firm and straight. Rump smoothly rounded.


Tail:  The tail of the Bernese Mountain Dog is somewhat bushy and extends just below the hock. 
A  slight upward curve is allowed when the dog is alert or moving, but the tail of the Bernese Mountain Dog should never be carried above the level of the back.

                  

Color:  The striking tri-colored coat is a breed characteristic of the Bernese Mountain Dog. The base color of the coat is always jet black.  The secondary markings are rich reddish brown and definite white in color.  

Symmetry of the secondary markings is preferred.   The markings are reddish brown over each eye, on the cheeks reaching to at least the corners of the mouth, on each side of the chest, on all four legs and under the tail.

The white markings include a blaze and one the muzzle.
  Preferred but not essential, white paws, white not reaching higher than the pastern, white tip to tail.  Some white hairs at nape of neck and white anal patch are un-preferred but tolerated.


Coat:  The coat of the Bernese Mountain Dog is soft and silky with bright natural sheen, long and slightly wavy, but should not curl when mature.
Faults: Coats that are too curly or very dull in appearance.


Height: 
Male Bernese Mountain Dogs are to be: 25 to 28 inches at the shoulder.  While females are 23 to 26 inches at the shoulder. 
 


Weight:  Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally between 80 to 110 pounds.


Forequarters: 
Shoulders long, strong and sloping, with the upper arm forming a distinct angle, flat lying and well-muscled.  Appears straight from all sides. .


Hindquarters:  The Bernese Mountain Dog's upper and lower thighs are broad, strong and well-muscled.  The stifles are to be bent, while the hock joint strong and well angulated, neither turning in or out.  The rear pasterns are straight when viewed from the rear.    
                                                                   
Feet:  Round and compact, the pasterns should be strong and tight.   Fault: Down in the pasterns or splayed feet. 


Gait: 
The gait of the Bernese Mountain Dog is a slow trot, but the Bernese Mountain Dog is capable of speed and agility.  The Bernese Mountain Dog should demonstrate good reach and powerful drive, without any wasted movement.  As they pick up speed, Bernese Mountain Dogs should single track.

Faults:  Any departure from the preceding details should be considered a fault and the seriousness of the fault should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Disqualifications:  Male Bernese Mountain Dogs should have two apparently normal testicles that are fully descended into the scrotum.

 
 

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